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in Maharashta State
This ancient rock-hewn religious complex is the cumulative work of three major faiths. The monasteries and prayer halls are elaborately carved.
tips & insights
History in brief
The Ellora Caves were cut out of solid rock from the 6th to 10th centuries.
12 are Buddhist, 17 are Hindu, and 5 are Jain. They were created and are numbered in that order. Most are not real caves but outdoor structures chiseled out of the rock.
Buddhist - #10
The highlight is the large chamber with a ceiling carved to resemble wood beams (see photo above). The focal point is a large Buddha relief fronting a stupa.
Hindu - #16
It's by far the largest and most important Ellora monument. The Mount Kailash relief of Lord Shiva is its artistic masterpiece. Note: The temple is not a real cave but a fully exposed outdoor building chiseled out of a hillside.
Jain - #32
It's interesting, but not as grand as #10 and #16.
The nearest major city (Aurangabad) is 45 minutes away by road.
Elephanta and Ajanta -
India's other two renowned caves
Location in India