Travel tips you can trust
Old Goa (Velha Goa)
It is home to dozens of historical religious structures that recall Portugal's grand colonial past.
Old Goa attractions
Basilica of Bom Jesus
Draws Christian pilgrims from afar because it contains the remains of Saint Francis Xavier, the noted missionary and Jesuit Order co-founder.
Also known as St Catherine's Cathedral. It's the largest of the religious structures.
St Francis of Assisi Church
The convent at the rear of the church is now an archaeological museum.
history in brief
It was the auxiliary capital of the powerful Bijapur Kingdom. Today, virtually everything is crumpled ruins.
The Portuguese conquered the city and it became the colonial capital. Population exceeded 200,000 and the municipality gained its "Lisbon of the East" moniker.
The immense city was abandoned (epidemics were a reason). Nearly all the structures eventually deteriorated. Today, only a handful remain in good condition.
Goa became an Indian state in 1961.
Location in India