Travel tips you can trust
Citadel of Saladin
The 12th-century hilltop Citadel of Saladin in Cairo played a vital role in Egyptian history - it thwarted enemies and was the seat of the Egyptian government until the 1860s, a period spanning 700 years.
Top 3 attractions
Mohammed Ali Mosque
It sits on the hill's highest point, dominating Cairo's skyline. The edifice was built in the mid 19th century and resembles the Ottoman mosque style because it was designed by a Turkish architect. The interior views of the soaring full and half-domes are stunning.
Al-Nasir Mohammed Mosque
This 14th century Mamluk-style structure has a distinctive green dome. Some mosque-savvy visitors believe its interior design is superior to that of the above-mentioned mosque.
Terraces provide visitors with a panoramic view of Cairo. It's at its best when the city isn't smoggy (which isn't often).
The Citadel of Saladin has some museums, but nothing that would interest most visitors.
What you see today
Much of today's citadel dates back only to the 19th century during the rule of Mohammed Ali.
Location in Egypt