Step Pyramid
of Djoser

Travel tips you can trust


Why the
Step Pyramid of Djoser
is special

This 4,700-year-old Step Pyramid is not only visually striking, it represents a significant architectural transition from the previous Egyptian tomb styles to those of the future Great Pyramids in Giza.

Step Pyramid
tips and insights

The transition

Previously, Pharaoh tombs were mastabas (squat, single-level, slope-sided, rectangular mounds typically made with mud brick).

The Step Pyramid is essentially six mastabas of diminishing dimensions, stacked one upon another. And, it used stone, not mud brick.

The Great Pyramids borrowed those innovations and figured out how to eliminate the step profile.

More Step Pyramid pointers



It was 62 meters (204 feet) high and was beautifully covered with polished-smooth whitish limestone.


A three-dimensional maze of passageways and rooms extend down 32 meters (106 feet) to the burial chamber.

Ancient tomb robbers

They did a near-thorough job. The treasures are gone, as is the mummy.


Although it was built for Pharaoh Djoser, the architect Imhotep had a greater impact on Egypt's future. He was an early Renaissance man. Besides being the ruler's vizier, he was learned in many disciplines including medicine, art, and engineering.

Part of a complex

The funerary compound comprises chapels, courtyards, perimeter wall, smaller pyramids, and more.

Easy day trip

It's only 30 kilometers (20 miles) from Cairo

Location in Egypt

Read about each of Egypt's top 7

Pyramids of Egypt at Giza
Karnak Temple
Nile River Cruise
Egyptian Museum
Valley of the Kings
Abu Simbel
Luxor Temple


Photo by Dennis Jarvis - CC BY-SA 2.0



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