Longmen Caves

page 2


Longmen Caves
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Sculpturing began in 473 when the emperor of the Northern Wei Dynasty moved his capital from Datong to Luoyang.


The Longmen Cave sculpturing continued in earnest for almost four centuries (and then modestly so in the next two centuries).


Many of the statues were defaced or decapitated over later centuries by vandals as well as by archaeologists and antiquarians who sent their plundered sculptures to museums, art dealers and private collectors in the Western World.

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